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Posted by: Samuel Ndwiga on 20/03/2017

What Causes Diabetes and Diabetes Treatment

What Causes Diabetes and Diabetes Treatment

What causes Diabetes? A question begging answer each day. Diabetes is one of the known top  lifestyle diseases and killer in the world.  It is a  disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.


Diabetes is caused when people don’t produce enough insulin to meet their bodies’ needs or when their cells don’t properly respond to insulin. Insulin moves glucose from the blood into the body cells. If there is no enough insulin for the process glucose will stay in the blood causing toxic high glucose levels in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes namely type 1 and type 2.Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas cannot make insulin. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections. Type 2diabetes occurs when the body when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body does not use insulin properly.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. It is caused when a combination of genetic predisposition and additional (as yet unidentified) factors provoke the immune system into attacking and killing the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance and inadequate production of insulin. Since the body cannot use the insulin as well as it should, or the pancreas fails to make enough insulin, glucose can't be moved from the blood into cells. 

Over time, the excess sugar in the blood gradually poisons the pancreas, causing it to make less insulin and making it even more difficult to keep blood glucose under control. Obesity is another cause of insulin resistance – at least 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Genetic factors as well as environmental factors are likely to be involved in the cause of type 2 diabetes. A family history of the disease has been shown to increase the chances of getting it.Other causes include high blood pressure, high cholesterol,HIV infection and being 40 years of age or older.

 Diabetes type 1 lasts a lifetime, there is no known cure. Type 2 usually lasts a lifetime; however, some people have managed to get rid of their symptoms without medication, through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control. Some studies have shown that certain oral ant diabetes medications may play a role in preventing the development of type 2 diabetes for people who are at high risk of developing it. Lifestyle changes and medications may prevent approximately 30% to 60% of type 2 diabetes. 

The goal of treating diabetes is to keep blood glucose levels as close to a normal range as possible. This prevents the symptoms of diabetes and the long-term complications of the condition. If you've been diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor – working with the members of your diabetes care team – will help you find your target blood glucose levels.Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required. If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications. In addition, treating diabetes requires a significant amount of real effort on the person's part. Coping with diabetes is a lifelong challenge, so people with diabetes should not be afraid to speak with a doctor or pharmacist if they feel overwhelmed


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