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Posted by: Viral News on 15/12/2017

What causes Kidney, Symptoms and Treatment

What causes Kidney, Symptoms and Treatment

Kidney stones occur when a hard mass of insoluble solutions containing insoluble calcium compounds is formed in the kidneys. The kidney stone disease is also known as Urolithiasis. Kidney stones can grow to the size of a golf ball while maintaining a sharp, crystalline structure and if the stones are not removed in the body, they can lead to certain complications. These include blocking of the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder (ureter) thus obstructing the path the urine uses to leave the body and causing severe pain.

When the stones are in the kidney, they rarely cause any pain. However, when they fall to the ureter, it acts like a dam and as the kidney continues to function, pressure builds up behind the stones thus causing pain and the kidney to swell.


Causes of kidney stones:-

  • Heredity

The majority of kidney stones are made from calcium. The formation of these stone sis hereditary and can be thereby transferred from one generation to another. Predisposition to high levels of calcium in the urine may be passed from generation to generation.

  • Lack of water

This is basically the leading cause of kidney stones in many people. The average recommended water intake per person each day is eight to ten glasses of water

.Lack of enough water in the body to dilute uric acid which is a component of urine makes it more acidic which in a conducive environment can lead to formation of kidney stones

  • Diet

High consumption of foods rich in animal protein and salt may increase the risk of the formation of kidney stones. However, if a person is not susceptible to forming stones (hereditary), the diet cannot change the risk.


Symptoms of Kidneys Stones

In most cases the Kidney stone remains unnoticeable until it moves to the ureter where the symptoms become apparent. These include;

  • Blood in the urine

Bleeding may occur when a stone is being passed therefore causing severe pain from the loin across the abdomen and the groin at the same time. Large stones in the kidney may cause very slight bleeding which is only noticed by use of a dipstick test.

  • Vomiting and nausea

In most cases, there is no pain when the kidney stones are in the kidneys. However, as the body tries to move them away from the kidney, those affected experience severe pain in their side belly or groin. You may also feel sick to your stomach and may vomit.

Patients who cannot keep fluids in their stomach cannot be allowed to leave the emergency room. Admission in most hospitals does not necessarily mean that a stone needs to be treated immediately. Many small stones will pass on their own while larger, more complex stones are best managed electively.

  • Burning sensation during urination

Contrary to popular belief, the pain experienced while urinating is not from the kidney stone itself. It comes from the blockage of the urinal flow which occurs when the stone passes from the kidney to the ureter; the tube that drains the urine from the kidney to the bladder.

As such, when the urinal flow is blocked the urine backs up and stretches the kidney and ureter, which are covered in pain sensing nerves. This produces the severe burning sensation and can also cause nausea.

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